Health Disparities

The Problem: 

Health disparities reflect the disproportionate impact that social policies have on various groups based on race, ethnicity, gender and income. Disparities arise from a variety of causes, including: a lack of equal insurance coverage; insufficient healthcare access; discriminatory practices in health care; and a multitude of social policies that perpetuate legal, economic and political barriers to good health. Each policy or practice that contributes to health disparities requires recognition and careful study in order to develop strategies to promote social justice. The first step is to identify and highlight the disparity and its cause. The second step is to fashion a remedy.

Our Work: 

In November of 2009, CHLPP hosted the conference “Health Disparities, Financing, and the Law: From Concept to Action.” Local and regional experts from the medical, health and hospital, health research, and public health fields came together to discuss the information available in published studies or revealed from work of various organizations aimed at developing effective practices to reduce disparities. The conference produced a sharing of knowledge and the formation of collaborative efforts to address problems in various communities that are contributing to disparities. This program of study and action continues a national movement aimed at identifying and implementing effective regulatory, legal and policy solutions to improve public health. In the Spring of 2010 CHLPP partnered with the Temple Department of Nursing to host a conference, sponsored by The Independence Foundation, on "Nursing and the Law." The conference explored the barriers nurse practitioners face in primary care practices.

On April 15, 2011 CHLPP hosted its second annual conference with the Temple Department of Nursing, again supported the Independence Foundation, and this year co-sponsored by the Pa. Department of Health’s Office of Health Equity. The April 15 conference examined the challenges to providing primary care pursuant to the reforms enacted in the Patient Protection and Health Care Affordability Act.

CHLPP continues to work with the Philadelphia community to eliminate health disparities in our neighborhoods and among our most vulnerable residents through collaborations and projects with community organizations and health care providers.

 

Violence as a Public Health Issue
CHLPP was instrumental in the creation of an organization that specializes in treating violence as a public health issue is a relatively new phenomenon. For years, issues regarding public safety, were exclusively addressed by the police, the courts and penal system. However, given that violence is a major contributor to premature death, disability and injury a new approach has emerged from the public health community that focuses on the prevention of interpersonal violence.
Interpersonal violence can be defined as threatened or actual use of physical force against a person or a group that either results or is likely to result in injury or death. The public health approach seeks to embrace the role of community and its power to identify solutions and see violence as something that is preventable.

What is CeaseFire?
CeaseFire is a structured and disciplined violence intervention that was developed in Chicago, Illinois based on the premise that violence is a public health issue. The program in Philadelphia has duplicated the evidence-based methodology of the CeaseFire Chicago public health model and utilizes an array of services provided by a broad-based coalition of victim services groups, anti-violence groups, faith based institutions, civic and community organizations, and other community stakeholders. For more information about CeaseFire please contact marladb@temple.edu.